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The S.S. Firefly (188 tons) was built in 1843. The shipping agents were Messrs P Carvill and Co. She was chartered by the Victorian government to carry the Queensland Relief Expedition (William Landsborough) to the Albert River in the Gulf of Carpentaria and then proceed on to Surabaya.

After loading 30 horses and forage, on 24 August 1861, they left Brisbane to sail for the Gulf in company with the HMcss Victoria captained by Commander William Henry Norman.

A hurricane struck near Reine Island, and '...it was evident we were in great danger, but my officer and crew did their duty well and showed no fear; the explorers were however, completely upset, and bewailed their fate to such an extent that I really pitied them and endeavoured to keep up their spirits as far as possible as I feared their terrors might affect the crew... ' was the Captains view of the situation.

Somewhat later the Firefly grounded adjacent to Sir Charles Hardy's Islands: '...Riot and drunkenness became the order of the day ... Sailors drank, Law and order set at defiance'...' says Landsborough's journal, '...Decks were covered with cases of spirits, wine, beer ... and the crew on the island very much the worse... for liquor ...' reported Captain Norman referring to the Firefly's crew; '...the sailors of the Victoria ... broke into the hold of the Firefly and were drunk for days and ... plundered the ships stores...' responded Captain Kirby. It would never be resolved which crew was responsible for these actions.

The Firefly was salvaged and all but one of the horses were saved by cutting a hole in the vessel's side and then leading and swimming them out. The hulk was taken in tow by the Victoria after whatever repairs were possible, with the horses reinstalled. On Sunday 27th September both ships anchored in Investigator Road, adjacent to Sweers Island, where they found the Gratia and Native Lass, under charter to the Victorian Government, with stores and coal to bunker the Victoria. A camp was established on the island as a land base.

Lieutenant Woods and Landsborough went to find a channel into the Albert suitable for landing the horses and supplies. This they did and all hands then faced the problem of manoeuvring the Firefly upstream to it. After three weeks they managed to coax the Firefly to the spot. Later she was moved to a channel close to the west bank where she could be pumped out and kept upright to serve as accommodation for some of the party.

The Firefly became the first ship to have entered the Albert River. When the expeditioners finally left, the Firefly was left to slowly rot and disappear under the murky waters of the Albert River. The picture of the hulk of the Firefly at the Albert River was drawn by Lieutenent Woods of the HMcss Victoria, presented to the Royal Society of Victoria and is now in the State Library of Victoria.

Victoria Naval Depot Albert River Gulf of Carpentaria [picture]
Date: 1862
Drawing: watercolour on buff paper; 25.4 x 43.6 cm on mount 39.9 x 61.2 cm.
Accession no: SLV H84.331/2
Signed on original mount (retained) below image l.r.: GA Woods / Lieutenant R.N.
Gift of The Royal Society of Victoria 1984.
Go to the record of this image at the State Library of Victoria.

S.S. Firefly's crew during the 1861 search for Burke and Wills:
1 Captain Thomas Kirby (c1829-10 March 1888)
2 First Mate  
3 Second Mate  
4 Carpenter  
5 Cook (German)
6 Able seaman Muller
7 Able seaman William Gleeson
8 Able seaman  
9 Able seaman  
10 Able seaman  
11 Able seaman  
  Supernumary Mr Martin (Son of the Firefly's owner).
12 Supernumary Arthur Moore
He returned overland with Walker's Victorian Relief Expedition.

After the Firefly was wrecked on the reef in September 1861, Captain Kirby signed her over as a wreck to Commander Norman of the HMCss Victoria. Norman placed the Victoria's mate, Mr Hanfield in charge of the Firefly while she was towed round to the Albert River.

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